The tiny Garklein (a German word for very small) is in fact the smallest of all woodwind instrument pitched an octave above the Piccolo Flute. It is pitched in C one octave higher than the Soprano Recorder. It is also practically useless. I own a Garklein and cannot play it. The finger holes are so close together than my not abnormally large fingers overlap one another. The range is also smaller than that of the other recorders being only an octave and a sixth. The Sopranino Recorder only misses the top note of the Garklein by a major second. I find it best to avoid this instrument.