Trumpet vs. Cornet vs. Flugelhorn

While all played by the same performer, the Trumpet, Cornet, and Flugelhorn are all in different families of brass instruments and all have different sound qualities.  Knowing the differences between the three instruments is essential for good band and orchestral writing.

The B-flat Trumpet, B-flat Cornet, and B-flat Flugelhorn all have the same range, but it’s a combination of bore structure and mouthpiece design that give these three instruments wholly different characters.

Continue reading “Trumpet vs. Cornet vs. Flugelhorn”

Flügelhorn

Flügelhorn or Soprano Tuba

flugelhorn range

4-valve flugelhorn range

Most of us think of the Flügelhorn as a big, fat trumpet, but the reality is that it bears no relation to the trumpet family whatsoever.  The Flügelhorn is a Soprano Tuba, as it possesses the constant increase in its bore from mouthpiece to bell that signifies a true tuba.  While the Flügelhorn may be a member of the tuba family, it is always played by a trumpeter.  This relates to the rule of thumb of brass players doubling not members of their instrument’s family, but other instruments of the same pitch class. Continue reading “Flügelhorn”